Volga Region

The longest river in Europe and one of the largest rivers in the world, Volga rises in the Valday Hills northwest of Moscow and winds past Tver, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Samara, Saratov, Volgograd and Astrakhan before discharging into the Caspian Sea. Many of these cities sprouted along the river thanks to the Volga waterway system which connected St Petersburg and Northern Europe with Persia and the lands beyond the Caspian Sea and served as the main artery for the timber, grain and other kinds of trade. 

Throughout the centuries, Volga has been seen as a fertile vein of Russian land, and the most Russian river which symbolises Russian character: strong and mysterious, broad and sincere. Mother Volga is one of the most vivid symbols and poetic images in Russian culture praised by Russian poets, writers and composers, and painted by Russian artists.

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