Astrakhan

From the political centre of the Golden Horde to the capital of the Astrakhan Khanate, from the important stopover on the Eurasian trade route to the rebellious outpost on the edge of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, Astrakhan has certainly had tumultuous times throughout its existence. Although it was first mentioned in the 13th century as Xacitarkhan or Hajji Tarkhan, the city was officially founded in 1558 when the first stone of the Astrakhan Kremlin was laid. 

​Today's Astrakhan is a melting pot of cultures just like it was a couple of centuries ago when a busy trade route passed through the city connecting India, Persia, Khiva and Bukhara to the Russian Empire and European countries. 

POPULATION532 504

DISTANCE FROM MOSCOW1392 km

FOUNDED IN1558

UTC+4

See

Dogadin Art Gallery

Astrakhan Kremlin

Velimir Khlebnikov Museum

Eat & Drink

Soika

Rosemary

Moloko

Sleep

Shchuka Hotel

Bonhotel

Get There
By Air:
There're regular flights to Astrakhan from Moscow, Kazan, Sochi, Krasnodar, Rostov-on-Don, Mineralnye Vody, Aktau and Istanbul. The flight to Moscow takes 2h.
The airport is located 8km south of Astrakhan, and can be reached by taxi (200₽, 20min) or by minibus 5, 80c and 86c (20₽, 30min).
By Train:
There're several trains a day departing from Moscow to Astrakhan (at least 26h). If you're travelling from Volgograd the best option would be to catch a day train which leaves Volgograd in the afternoon and arrives to Astrakhan in the evening (mind the time zone, Astrakhan is one hour ahead of Volgograd). Buy tickets at the official Russian Railways website or at the station.
Get Around

The centre of Astrakhan is relatively small and can easily be explored on foot. Public transport is dominated by old minibuses (marshrutkas) but we wouldn't recommend them. It's best to use Yandex.Taxi app to call a cab. Average ride within the city costs 100₽, 150₽ if you're travelling to the railway station, and 200₽ to the airport.